Craig Williams, director of KEF's Chemical Weapons Working Group, recently co-signed a letter to Secretary of State John Kerry and Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel on the importance of transparency in the destruction of Syria's chemical weapons stockpile. A story on the letter and the subject can be viewed here; read the letter in full below.
February 3, 2014
Secretary of State John Kerry
US Department of State
2201 C Street, NW
Washington DC 20520
Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel
US Department of Defense
1400 Defense Pentagon
Washington DC 20301-1400
RE: Public Outreach and Stakeholder Involvement in Destruction of Syrian Chemical Weapons
Dear Secretary Kerry and Secretary Hagel:
We the undersigned environmental, public health, nonproliferation, and arms control experts have been closely following all aspects of the Syrian chemical disarmament process. We believe that the most urgent issue today is to make sure that all relevant chemicals from the Syrian stockpiles are speedily delivered to the port of Latakia and loaded onto the Norwegian and Danish ships.
But at the same time we consider it important to ensure the success of the follow-on destruction phase, where the US, for good reasons, has taken the lead. We have reviewed the plans for the destruction of Syrian chemical warfare materiel (CWM) on the MV Cape Ray, a US roll-on-roll-off merchant marine ship, and we support the planned technical approach. We understand that sea-based destruction may be a less-risky approach at the current moment than in-country destruction in Syria, reflects the urgency of the matter, and also offers a workable alternative in view of the reluctance of other countries to destroy Syria’s toxic chemicals and binary precursors on their own territory.
We also believe that use of the Field Deployable Hydrolysis System, as installed on the Cape Ray, will minimize any potential risks to public health and the environment. It is important, in our view, to recognize that there are no loaded chemical munitions in the stockpile to be destroyed, thereby eliminating the need to deal with explosives, rocket propellant, and weapons systems; and there is no live nerve agent, only 22+/- metric tons of mustard agent, and some 540 metric tons of key binary chemical weapons components planned to be processed on board the ship. These facts are not secret and are known to the experts, but in order for the public to be reassured, there is a need for a targeted effort to bring this information and knowledge to local communities.
Those of us who have been actively involved in the U.S., Russian, and other chemical demilitarization programs over the past two decades can testify that the initial absence of active dialogue with local communities and the public at large has resulted in serious misunderstandings and, in fact, reluctance to host destruction facilities; this, in turn, has become a major factor behind the long delays in implementing national obligations of both the US and Russia under the Chemical Weapons Convention.
Although our review has persuaded us to conclude that the risk of toxic effluent releases to the atmosphere, land, or sea from this operation will be low, we understand why people in the Mediterranean region and elsewhere might respond with suspicion or even opposition to this unique demilitarization of toxic chemicals at sea and in foreign countries. There are already clear signs of discontent and anxiety in this respect coming from Italy, Greece, Turkey, and Cyprus. Such opposition could clearly delay or prevent the timely and important mission to safely eliminate Syria’s chemical weapons stockpile in 2014. We therefore suggest the following three steps to help address this challenge:
1) Multilateral organizations, participating national governments, and non-governmental organizations should immediately schedule public dialogue/forums in Italy and elsewhere in the Mediterranean region to explain the technical processes, to discuss the potential risks and benefits of the Syrian chemical weapons destruction program, and to respond to the questions, concerns, and suggestions of local citizens, regulators, and experts.
2) The United States agencies operating the neutralization process on board the MV Cape Ray should provide daily updates, including any monitoring data of air and water, via a dedicated website, on disposal operations; this could be linked with both the United Nations and OPCW (Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons) websites as well. In addition, live, 24-hour webcams on board the ship should be considered as a confidence-building measure, consistent with security and safety requirements, in order to document and make available the demilitarization activity to the public via a website.
3) Communities, likely in the U.S., Britain, and other European countries that may receive precursor chemicals and/or effluent from the Syrian chemical weapons demilitarization program, should be notified of any proposals to handle or destroy the chemicals and toxic effluent in their areas prior to the start of operations. The OPCW and the United Nations Joint Mission, along with national governments and private industry, should be encouraged to support and cooperate with any national, regional, or local public dialogue/forums and regulatory hearings that are established to review or oversee these toxic chemical disposal operations.
We all believe that full transparency, public outreach, and inclusive engagement of all stakeholders needs to be an integral part of any toxic waste management process, and especially with components of a chemical weapons program. Engaging potentially impacted communities in a timely and transparent way will not only strengthen the protection of public health and the environment, but it will help alleviate public concerns that could otherwise undermine this historic and important demilitarization mission. In a wider sense, it will be an important contribution to the much needed success of this unprecedented cooperative international project for WMD disarmament in a country engulfed in a costly civil war and in one of the most sensitive areas in the world, the Middle East.
Thank you for your timely attention to this matter. Responses can be addressed to Dr. Paul F. Walker, Director, Environmental Security and Sustainability, Green Cross International, 1100 15th Street, NW, Suite 1100, Washington DC 20005, USA, tel +1-202-222-0700, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dr. Paul F. Walker, Director, Environmental Security and Sustainability, Green Cross International, and Coordinator, Chemical Weapons Convention Coalition (Washington DC, USA)
Ambassador Sergey Batsanov, Director, Geneva Office of Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs, Member of Pugwash Council, and former chief Soviet and Russian negotiator of the Chemical Weapons Convention (Geneva, Switzerland)
Daryl Kimball, Executive Director, Arms Control Association (Washington DC, USA)
Irene Kornelly, Chair, Colorado Citizens’ Advisory Commission for Chemical Demilitarization (Pueblo, Colorado, USA)
Finn T. Longinotto, Senior Fellow, Environmental Security and Sustainability Program, Global Green USA (Washington DC, USA)
Erich Pica, President, Friends of the Earth-United States (Washington DC, USA)
Elio Pacilio, President, Green Cross Italy (Rome, Italy)
Lenny Siegel, Executive Director, Center for Public Environmental Oversight (California, USA)
Sharon Squassoni, Director and Senior Fellow, Proliferation Prevention Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies (Washington DC, USA)
Dr. Ralf Trapp, Consultant, CBW Arms Control and Disarmament (Chessenaz, France)
Craig Williams, Co-Chair, Chemical Destruction Citizens’ Advisory Board (Blue Grass, Kentucky, USA)
Dr. Jean Pascal Zanders, Director, The Trench, and Council Member, Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs (Ferney-Voltaire, France)
Organizational affiliations listed for identification purposes only.
Cc: His Excellency Dr. Sa'ad Abdul Majeed Ibrahim Al-Ali, Permanent Representative of Iraq to the OPCW and Chairman, OPCW Conference of States Parties
His Excellency Mr. Francesco Azzarello, Permanent Representative of Italy to the OPCW
The Honorable Thomas M. Countryman, Assistant Secretary of State, Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation, US Department of State
His Excellency Dr. Olexandr Horin, Permanent Representative of Ukraine to the OPCW and Chairman, OPCW Executive Council
Ms. Sigrid Kaag, Special Coordinator, OPCW-United Nations Joint Mission
Ms. Angela Kane, High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, United Nations
The Honorable Frank Kendall, Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics, US Department of Defense
His Excellency Mr. Roman A. Kolodkin, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the OPCW
His Excellency Dr. Robert Mikulak, US Ambassador to the OPCW
Mr. Carmen J. Spencer, Joint Program Executive Officer for Chemical and Biological Defense, US Army
His Excellency Mr. Ahmet Uzumcu, Director-General, Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
The Honorable Andrew C. Weber, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense Programs, US Department of Defense
By Craig Williams
Too often, news is made when things go wrong. TV, print and radio and the internet are filled with worrisome headlines about international terror and wars, making it easy to feel confused, overwhelmed and helpless. But recently, Central Kentucky witnessed a positive development of which it can be proud: the attention from international disarmament leaders to our efforts to destroy lethal chemical weapons at the Blue Grass Army Depot.
On May 22, members of the Executive Council of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), headquartered in The Hague, visited Madison County as part of their oversight responsibility regarding the Chemical Weapons Treaty. Representatives from the Ukraine, China, Germany, Ecuador, Russia, Libya, Japan, and South Africa along with the OPCW Director General were present. Under this treaty, the U.S.--along with 187 other countries-- have obligated themselves to destroy all chemical weapons in their possession, and to not use nor produce any in the future.
The recent visit by the OPCW Executive Council reminded me that we in Central Kentucky are truly part of a historical effort; never before has their been agreement to rid the planet of an entire class of weapons of mass destruction. Their visit not only provided the members of the Chemical Destruction Community Advisory Board the opportunity to appreciate the part the Board is playing in this global objective, but it allowed OPCW members to see firsthand the extremely high level of engagement by the citizens of the area. They saw how cooperation and transparency between the local community, the federal government and its contractor(s) can result in greater trust and a more efficient disposal process. They saw how we’re merging economic development interests with environmental, safety and health considerations for cooperative planning to ensure future success in our community.
Earlier in May I had the privilege of representing our region at an OPCW meeting in The Hague, and personally witnessed the concern expressed by the international community about chemical weapons disposal challenges in other countries. It was extremely gratifying to think back on the challenges we faced in the 1980’s and 90’s, and how after all these years, we are truly united. Our community is a shining example of success in the global demilitarization effort.
Challenges remain: reliable federal funding, construction completion, systemization/operations and continued consensus building lie ahead. But we are on our way to not only providing a safer environment here at home, but also to contributing to a significantly less dangerous world. This is something we can all take pride in.
Craig Williams is Director of the Chemical Weapons Working Group at the Kentucky Environmental Foundation, and co-chair of the Chemical Destruction Community Advisory Board.